SSAT（Secondary School Admission Test）是美国中小学私立学校的入学考试，考生需要在数学、阅读、写作等方面进行测试。
After decades of effort to eliminate racial discrimination in the United States, why do significant disparities still exist in so many areas, such as education, employment, and healthcare? The reasons are complex, but one fACTor is the persistence of stereotypes about different racial and ethnic groups. Stereotypes are simplistic and often inaccurate generalizations about people based on their race, ethnicity, or other charACTeristics. Although stereotypes can be positive, they are most often negative and harmful.
■ (1) Which of the following is NOT mentioned as an area where significant disparities still exist in the United States?
■ (2) According to the passage, what is one fACTor contrIButing to the persistence of racial discrimination in the United States?
(A) The complexity of the problem
(B) The lack of government ACTion
(C) The persistence of stereotypes
(D) The inability of minority groups to assimilate
■ (3) The word "simplistic" in the passage most nearly means
■ (4) According to the passage, which of the following is true about stereotypes?
(A) They are always positive
(B) They are often inaccurate
(C) They are most harmful to minority groups
(D) They have little effect on racial discrimination